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good yellow is obtained; then remove the chips, and add extract of indigo or
chemic, one tablespoonful at a time, until color suits.
Snuff Brown, Dark:--For five pounds of goods, camwood, one pound; boil it
fifteen minutes, then dip the goods three-fourths of an hour; take out the
goods, and add to the dye two and one-half pounds fustic; boil ten minutes, and
dip the goods three-fourths of an hour; then add blue vitriol, one ounce;
copperas, four ounces; dip again one-half hour. If not dark enough, add more
Another method:-Any Shade:--Boil the goods in a mordant of alum, two parts,
copperas three parts; then rinse them through a bath of madder. The tint depends
on the relative proportions of the copperas and alum; the more copperas, the
darker the dye; joint weight of both should not be more than one-eighth of
weight of goods. Mixtures of red and yellows with blues and blacks, or simple
dyes, will make any shade.
Orange:--For five pounds of goods, muriate of tin, six tablespoonfuls; argal,
four ounces; boil and dip one hour, and add again to the dye one teacupful of
madder; dip again one-half hour. Cochineal, about two ounces, in place of
madder, makes a much brighter color.
Purple:--For each pound of goods, two ounces of cudbear; rinse the goods well in
soap-suds, then dissolve cudbear in hot suds--not quite boiling, and soak the
goods until of required color. The color is brightened by rinsing in alum water.
Yellow:--Rich:--Work five pounds of goods one-half hour in a boiling bath with
three ounces bichromate of potassa and two ounces alum; lift and expose till
well-cooled and drained; then work one-half hour in another bath with five
pounds of fustic. Wash out and dry.
Crimson:--Work for one hour in a bath with one pound cochineal paste; six ounces
of dry cochineal; one pound of tartar; one pint of protochloride of tin. Wash
out and dry.
Salmon:--For each pound of goods, one-fourth pound of annatto; one-fourth pound
of soap; rinse the goods well in warm water, put them into mixture and boil
one-half hour. Shade will be according to the amount of annatto.
Dove and Slate Colors of all Shades:--Boil in an iron vessel a teacupful of
black tea with a teaspoonful of copperas, and sufficient water. Dilute till you
get the shade wanted.
Black:--For fivepounds of goods, boil them in a decoction of three pounds of
sumach one-half hour, and steep twelve hours; dip in lime-water one-half hour;
take out and let them drip one hour, run them through the lime-water
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